Islamic Blog dealing with religious and worldly issues faced by the Muslims.
Monday, 15 May 2017
Some Rebuttals of Views Held by Disbelievers of Hadith (Munkareen e hadith) (5)
Disbelievers of Hadith say the
only wahi revealed to Muhammad ﷺ was Quran; Hadith is not
outcome of wahi. In the following lines, we would see this belief does not seem
to be tenable in the light of Quran.
of Hadith need to appreciate Muhammad ﷺ
Rasool and Nabi combined; we have to believe in both Resalah and Nabuwwah of
is outcome of Resalah; whereas outcome of Nabuwwah is Hadith. We have discussed
this point already in many articles. The Quran demands us to believe not only
in Resalah but also in Nabuwwah of Muhammad ﷺ.
“……So believe in Allah and His Rasool, the
unlettered Nabi, who believes in Allah and His words, and follow/ ‘ittabi
uhu’ him that you may be guided” (al-aaraf-158).
In this verse too word ‘rasool’
and ‘nabi’ have been mentioned side by side; it means this verse also ordains
that we should believe both in Resalah and Nabuwwah of Muhammad ﷺ andwe should follow both the
Resalah and Nabuwwah of Muhammad ﷺ.
other words, we should follow not only Quran but also Hadith i.e. outcome of
“Righteousness is not that you turn your
faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who
believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets/
In this verse mentioned above,
belief in the Book (Quran) and in Nabeyyeen has been mentioned side by side; it
means belief in both is essential. To believe in Quran means believing in
Resalah; to believe in Nabeyyeen means believing in ahadith i.e. outcome of
Quran not only ordains to believe
in Resalah and Nabuwwah but also instructs to follow Resalah and Nabuwwah. The
above mentioned verse al-aaraf-158 states about following Resalah and Nabuwwah
of Muhammad ﷺ. Many other verses also ordain to
follow both Resalah and Nabuwwah of Muhammad ﷺ.
who follow the Rasool, the unlettered ‘Nabi’…..” (al-aaraf-157).
“ O Nabi , sufficient for you is Allah and
for whoever follows you of the believers” (al-anfaal-64).
These above mentioned verses
states about following Nabi ﷺ; in other words, these
verses states about following Hadith e Nabi ﷺ.
Quran also makes it clear that whatever our Nabiﷺ does, he ﷺ does according to wahi. Quran says:
“Say, "I only
follow what is revealed to me from my Lord. This is enlightenment from your
Lord and guidance and mercy for a people who believe” (al-a,araf-203).
This verse clearly states that
our Nabi ﷺ ONLY follows what has been
revealed to him ﷺ . The word ‘innama’ means
only; this word may also mean ‘indeed’. But in this verse this word ' innama' is followed
by ‘ma’; with such a construction, this word ‘innama’ may only mean ‘ONLY’. In
other words, this verse clearly states our Nabi ﷺfollows ONLY what is revealed to him ﷺ. So much so thatour
Nabi ﷺ does not even utter a single word
which is not according to ‘wahi’.
“Nor does he speak from [his own]
Nabi ﷺ does not even speak with his own
inclination. In other words above mentioned two verses state that whatever our
Nabi ﷺ does, he ﷺ does according to ‘wahi’.
been explained in many articles before, it may be appreciated that itba,a/following and obedience/
‘ata,at’ have been differentiated in Quran. Quran says:
“And Aaron had already told them
before [the return of Moses], "O my people, you are only being tested by
it, and indeed, your Lord is the Most Merciful, so follow (itba,a) me and obey (ata,at) my order”
this verse ‘itba,a’ and ‘ata,at’ have been used side by side; it means these
two words have different connotation. Actually ata,at is relating to only what
is commanded; whereas ‘itba,a’ is relating to every act/saying whether or not
commanded for. Therefore itba,a means to followall acts/sayings of our Nabi ﷺ
those ones which have been specifically prohibited from.
foregoing, we may conclude Hadith is not only what is based on wahi but also is
essentially follow-able by the people because Hadith is manifestation of function
of Nabuwwah of our Nabi ﷺ like Quran is outcome of function
of Resalah. We have already seen in previous articles, wahi is revealed to a ‘Rasool’
in the form of Book (Kalamullah). But wahi is revealed to a Nabi in the form of
Allah’s Ideas translated by Nabi himself or by Gabriel a.s. It is called wahi e
ghair matlu. A rasool also receives wahi e ghair matlu. The difference between
a Rasool’s and a Nabi’s wahi e ghair matlu is that a rasool’s wahi e ghair
matlu is not interpretation of the Book revealed to him; but a Nabi’s wahi e
ghair matlu is actually interpretation of the Book revealed to the Rasool to
whose Ummah that Nabi belongs to. In case of our Nabi ﷺ too, Quran says:
Indeed, upon Us is its (Quran’s) collection
[in your conscious/mind] and [to make possible] its recitation (17). Then lo!
upon Us (resteth) the explanation/interpretation thereof” (19).
This interpretation of Quran has
been revealed to our Nabi ﷺ through wahi ghair matlu in
the form of Hadith (continued).