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Saturday, 19 August 2017

Education System in Pakistan and Some Solutions




The problems related to education system in Pakistan are manifold but we would dwell on issues relating to English, Islamic teachings and syllabus. 

Education system in any society is the basic and most important tool to disseminate among the new generation body of ethics, ideals, out-look to life, out-look to the world, in short, the way of life the society stands for. Uniformity of education system is the corner stone to build a united and harmonious society and nation; various education systems prevailing in a society lead to various ways of life, and, resultantly, weaken social uniformity and harmony.
The issue of English is reflected in two ways in Pakistan’s education system; English as medium of instruction and as a language study. Keeping in view the importance of uniformity of education system, there is no room to adopt two different medium of instructions in Pakistan . However keeping in view importance of English as a science language, English language should be retained as a subject, and as a medium of instruction for science education ONLY at college level. Much more than English language is the importance of Islamic teachings which are, for the Muslim societies, the only source to develop a uniform and harmonious society. Ignoring basic Islamic teachings, in a Muslim society, would lead to cultural, social, psychological, and intellectual disintegration in the Muslim society.  For propagating basic Islamic teachings, the importance of Arabic language cannot be overemphasized. Therefore Arabic language along-with English language has to be compulsory part of education system in Pakistan. But learning of these two languages should not be made an obstacle, beyond a certain limit, in advancement of academic careers of the students.

Keeping in view importance of both the languages (Arabic and English) and basic Islamic teachings, following suggestions are made for education system in Pakistan.
At primary education level, basic Arabic language and Quranic reading (without translation)  should be taught. The marks secured in the subject of Quranic reading and  language should be included in the total marks secured by the student; but passing marks in this subject should not be compulsory in moving to the next grade. English language should not be taught at primary level.
At middle education level, passing marks in subject of Quranic reading and language should be compulsory for moving to the next grade. English language should be taught at this level; but passing marks in this subject should not be compulsory for moving to the next grade. The syllabus for all students at primary and middle education level should be the same; there should be no division of science and arts students.
At secondary education level (for 9th and 10th ), Quranic reading (with translation) and language should be taught and passing marks in this subject should be compulsory to move on to the next grade. At this level syllabus for Science and Arts students should be separate. At this level, passing marks in subject of English language should be compulsory for science students ONLY for moving to the next grade; passing marks in this subject should not be necessary for arts students to move to the next grade.

At higher secondary education level (FA;FSc), passing marks in the subject of  Quranic reading (with translation) and language should be compulsory for moving to next grade. Similarly passing marks in English language subject should be necessary for science students for moving  to next grade; but arts students can be promoted to next grade without getting passing marks in  English language subject.
At graduation level, subject of Advance Quranic Studies and Language should be taught and passing marks in this subject should be necessary to move to the next year studies. Similarly passing marks in English language should be necessary for science students for moving to next year studies; but arts students can be promoted without obtaining  passing marks in this subject.

It may be appreciated that these suggestions have been made regarding   common education system in Pakistan, NOT regarding specialized education like religious education imparted by religious ‘madaras’; medical education; and engineering education. But subject of 'Advance Quranic Studies and Language' may also be adopted for medical and engineering education.  







Thursday, 27 July 2017

Principle of Majority View





Some people referring to verse 6/116 opine that majority view should not be criterion for ascertaining what is right. It is wrong interpretation of the verse.

The verse mentioned states that “And if you obey most of those upon the earth, they will mislead you from the way of Allah. They follow not except assumption, and they are not but falsifying” (al-anam-116).

This verse is clearly stating about the majority people living on the earth; the verse is saying majority people living on the earth will mislead you, if you obey them. In other words, the majority people living on the earth would always be on the wrong track. It means majority people living on the earth would always be non-Muslims. It does not mean such people would not be doing anything right; definitely they would be doing many right things, and we may follow those right things done by the majority/ non-Muslim people. But we cannot obey them because they themselves are not on the right track, they would distract us also from the right track. The difference between obedience and following should be kept in mind; in obedience there is essentially element of coercion; in following there is no element of coercion. But if non-Muslims command what is contained in Islam, there is no harm in obeying or following them because Quran allows such following or obedience. Quran says: " Say, "O People of the Scripture, come to a word that is equitable between us and you......(ale Imran-64).

Because Muslims would never be in majority on this earth, this principle that majority view should not be taken as a criterion for ascertainment of what is right does not apply to the Muslims. In other words, in case of Muslims, principle of majority view applies and majority view should be followed, if not contradictory to Quran and Hadith. All Quranic verses in which word 'majority' has been used as NO criterion for ascertaining what is right,  actually refer to whole humanity, not to Muslims.

Wednesday, 26 July 2017

Why Hadith is Essential




                                               

Some disbelievers of Hadith say why Allah has not put everything in Quran; why Hadith was necessary as a wahi parallel to Quran? Actually there is difference of nature between Quran and Hadith; Quran tells us what we should do and what we should avoid, but Hadith tell us how people can practice/ act upon what they are supposed to do and what they are supposed to avoid according to Quran. You know when people start acting upon a scripture there may be thousands of variations/ differences as to how scripture should be acted upon. Hadith is a MODEL of ways and means we must go for to act upon Quran in all times to come. This Model is based on people's acts/omissions to follow Quran as well as our Nabi's acts/omissions/sayings; the people acted/ omitted to act in their lives, and our Nabi declared such acts/omissions as right or wrong in the light of Quran and wahi ghair-matlu.  Suppose if a Model based on people's acts/omissions regarding following Quran was to be inducted in Quran, in that case- for people considering only Quran as a revealed guidance- all people's acts/omissions to be committed till Qiyamah should be explicitly described in Quran as part of such Model- and obviously such a Model is not in line with Allah's scheme of Things , which is based on Trial, and knowing every thing already is repugnant to scheme of Trial. The other option was to rely on such a Model in which acts/omissions of people living in our Nabi's s.a.w.w. age were described and principles described in such Model were to apply in all events by all people to come tillQiyamah; and Hadith is a form of such Model.