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Thursday, 23 March 2017

Islam vs Islamic Thinking



                           

Islamic thinking is product of mental exertions of people which apply Islamic principles for seeking solutions of problems of their age/period; but Islam is what gives principles to solve such problems, and Islam is outcome of wahi (i.e. Quran and Hadith) . But it does not mean that principles contained in Islam i.e. Quran and Hadith may be understood or discovered without intellectual exertions. In case of Islam, intellectual exertions aim at discovering principles already contained in Islam; but in case of Islamic thinking, intellectual exertions are made to invent or discover solutions of problems/issues pertaining to the present age through application of principles already contained in or discovered in Islam. It may also be appreciated that sources of Islam are only Quran and Hadith; these sources contain worded as well as un-worded Islamic principles. The worded Islamic principles are revealed (they come on the surface) through wahi and as such are Islam. The un-worded Islamic principles (which are contained in Quran and Hadith, but they do not come on the surface through prophetic wahi) are discovered out of these sources through intellectual exertions and are not part of Islam; such discovered Islamic principles are part of  Islamic Thinking like solutions of problems to be faced by Muslims in each age. In other words,  Quran and Hadith; has worded Islamic principles as well as un-worded Islamic principles. The worded Islamic principles are Islam. The un-worded Islamic principles are discovered through intellectual exertions/ connotation and become a part of Islamic Thinking. Thus Islamic Thinking is not only un-worded Islamic principles discovered  through connotation/ intellectual exertions from Quran and Hadith but also an approach to solve problems faced by the Muslims of an age on the basis of worded as well as un-worded Islamic principles. It may also be appreciated what is relating to Islamic Thinking is always subject to approval of majority (people or scholars, as the case may be), as has been seen in many previous articles. Quran and hadith are 'al-haque'; these are Allah's deeds (Allah Himself has brought them on the surface in the form of words) and as such are not outcome of human opinion (majority or minority opinion) but Islamic Thinking is 'haque' which is product of human opinion and  is brought on the surface by human intellect and as such is subject to approval of majority opinion.
From above we may conclude that connotation of worded principles of Islam may not be termed as Islam; it may be termed only as Islamic Thinking. But Munkareen e Hadith  dare to determine sources of Islam through making connotation of worded principles of Islam. Munkareen e Hadith need to appreciate they do not have authority to decide whether or not Hadith is source of Islam. They need to understand it is not the ambit of Islamic Thinking or connotation of worded Islamic principles to determine  sources of Islam;  Islamic sources are what have been determined by Allah in the form of   Quran and Hadith.  It is not the job of human intellect to determine sources of Islam.   
The difference between connotation and worded Islamic principles is that connotation is not found in words in the texts of Quran and Hadith but worded Islamic principles are those which are found in words in the texts of Quran and Hadith.   Sources of Islam are what are found in worded Islamic principles; they are not those which are  found in the form of connotation. Since last fourteen centuries, Muslims have been accepting worded Islamic principles as sources of Islam, without making any connotation thereof, and Muslims would continue accepting worded Islamic principles as sources of Islam without any connotation as long as Muslims exist as Muslims. Sources of Islam as contained in worded Islamic principles are Quran and Hadith.

We may conclude that  Quran and Hadith contain two types of principles- the worded principles and un-worded principles. The worded principles ate those which have come on the surface through wahi and these are found in the form of Words in the texts of Quran and Hadith. The un-worded principles are those which are not found in the form of words in the texts of Quran and Hadith and which do not come on the surface through wahi; rather they are discovered from Quran and Hadith through human intellectual exertions. The worded principles are called sources of Islam; the un-worded principles are called Islamic Thinking.    The Quran and Hadith/ worded principles are Al -haque; Islamic Thinking is 'Haque'. Denial of Al-haque is 'kufr'- denial of Hadith means to deny a hadith, knowing that it is rightly attributed to our Nabi s.a.w.w. Denial of 'Haque' is 'Batil' / sin, in the light of al-maidah-44 (for details plz see       https://secondriseofislam.blogspot.com/2017/03/fallacy-of-takfeeri-doctrine.html#links) Denial of 'Haque'    is also Sin/Batil in the light of al-nisaa-59 which states:
            "O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result".   
This verse states that     Muslims should obey men of authority (leadership)- state leadership or religious leadership. If people disagree with what they are commanded by leadership, decision will be taken on the basis of what Allah and  Rasool s.a.w.w. has given- means on the basis of principles contained in Quran and Hadith. In other words, Muslims are being directed to obey such orders/ decisions of leadership, which are based on Quran and Hadith. If we do not obey this Quranic commandment, we will be committing sin .  It may also be appreciated that Islamic Thinking may have different views but not contradictory views. If religious leadership gives different views/ commandments relating to the same issue, denial of majority leadership's commandment would be sin/ 'batil'.                                          


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