Saturday, 13 August 2016

Strategy for Enforcement of Islam and Ghamdi’s New Revelations (2)

In the part (1) of this article we have seen Mr. Ghamdi’s views that Islam could be enforced through aggressive means in the periods of our Nabi (ﷺ) and his (ﷺ) companions ONLY are not viable when analyzed logically and on the basis of Quran.  Ghamdi’s these views are quite baseless because there are so many verses which command-  apart from Nabi’s (ﷺ) companions- common Muslims as well coming after the companions (r.a) to adopt aggressive means to enforce Islam.
Ghamdi’s third view that common Muslims- the Muslims coming after companions (r.a) - can only adopt method of preaching to enforce Islam is also nullified in the light of verses commanding common Muslims to adopt aggressive means to enforce Islam. 

Now question arises what is the most pertinent and effective strategy for enforcement of Islam in the present age. In this article we would address this question.

Regarding enforcement of Islam in the present age, we have had a detailed discussion already in (4) parts of article In this article Firstly we have seen that Muslim minorities (non-ruling nations) living in non-Islamic states where those Muslim minorities have never been a ruling nation, should adopt peaceful means i.e. preaching, to enforce Islam in such non-Islamic states, if they do not have capability to adopt aggressive means.  The Muslim minorities living in western countries should not take resort to aggressive means due to two reasons: first they don’t have capability to adopt such aggressive means to enforce Islam in such non-Islamic states, and secondly, after becoming politically a part of ruling non-Islamic nations/states, they remain no longer non-ruling Muslim minorities. After becoming a part of ruling non-Islamic nation,  they themselves become ruling non-Islamic nation. It may be appreciated that there is difference between non-Muslim and non-Islamic. A non-Islamic state/nation may also be a Muslim state/nation, if such Muslim state/nation have not adopted Islamic systems in their state/nation.  Secondly we have seen that subjugated Muslims nations which have been subjugated by the non-Muslims in the states/areas where previously such subjugated Muslims were a ruling nation, are under obligation to adopt all means to get liberation from the non-Muslims’ subjugation and enforce Islam over themselves; such subjugated Muslim nation may adopt aggressive measures/qattal as well- if they have the capability to adopt such aggressive measures/qattal- to win freedom from the subjugating non-Muslim nation/state. If subjugated Muslims adopt option of war against the occupying non-Muslim state/nation, all Muslims are under obligation to support such subjugated Muslims.
Thirdly we have seen that ruling Muslim nations are all the time under obligation to enforce Islam over themselves. They are also under obligation to enforce Islam over other non-Muslim nations, IF they have the required capability, and IF they have first enforced Islam over themselves. In case of subjugated Muslims, they are NOT required to enforce Islam first on themselves. The reason is obvious subjugated Muslims cannot enforce Islam while they are subjugated. The ruling Muslim nations may use force/aggressive means-if required- in order to enforce Islam over themselves and others.

Now we dwell on the topic of enforcement of Islam in ruling Muslim nations only.

The above mentioned three categories of Muslims- i.e. Muslim minority/non-ruling nation, subjugated Muslims and ruling Muslim nations- are authorized to use force, if required, to enforce Islam,  and if they have capability; but such use of force is subject to conditions given in the above mentioned article. One condition is that ruling Muslim nation can use force to enforce Islam over themselves but if they want to enforce Islam over others, they would have to establish Islam first over themselves.  If any smaller segment of a ruling Muslim nation wants to enforce Islam over themselves, and the parent ruling nation is not willing to establish Islam over themselves, it is not possible for such smaller segment of nation to establish Islam over themselves without practically breaking up from the parent ruling nation. But, it may be appreciated, no smaller segment of a ruling Muslim nation is authorized either to use force against the parent ruling Muslim nation nor to opt for break-up from the ruling Muslim nation, for enforcement of Islam over themselves- because it is prerogative of Muslim nation to use force, it is majority of Muslim nation which is allowed to use force; it is authority of majority people of parent ruling nation to use force for enforcement of Islam over themselves. 
Similarly, in modern age, no ruling Muslim nation have minority Muslim nation which may have permission to use force against the ruling Muslim nation for enforcement of Islam over themselves; all minority Muslim nations living in ruling Muslim  nations have become politically integrated with the ruling Muslim nations to the extent enough to make such minority Muslims a proper part of such ruling Muslim nations. In other words, no Minority Muslim nation living with a ruling Muslim nation can act as a minority Muslim nation, nor may break-up from the parent ruling Muslim nation for enforcing Islam over themselves.

 It may also be appreciated that, in old ages, ruling Muslim nation might have minority Muslim nations which had not been enough politically integrated with the ruling Muslim nation and had maintained their status of minority Muslim nations, and as such had permission to use force against the ruling Muslim nation for enforcement of Islam over themselves.  For the purpose, such minority Muslim nations had the option of breaking- up from the ruling Muslim nation.
In modern age, if any smaller segment of a ruling Muslim nation wants to enforce Islam over themselves, they would have two options: FIRST is to get support of majority of Muslims of the parent nation, and once such majority support has become available, Islam (through taking over the state apparatus)) may be enforced by use of force over entire ruling nation.  The SECOND option- in case of non-availability of majority support- is to install Islamic institutions gradually in the ruling state/nation-  state support is NOT required to establish all Islamic institutions; many Islamic institutions  may be established WITHOUT gaining majority support or without taking over the state apparatus and without use of force. Installation of Islamic institutions in a Muslim society/nation is the second name of enforcement of   Islam.   And, if support of majority Muslims becomes available as a result of establishment of Islamic institutions,  use of force may be resorted to complete the process of Islamization of the Muslim society. However the process of establishment of Islamic institutions should be continued whether or not support of majority Muslims is up-coming. It will be the prevailing situation in the ruling Muslim state/nation which will decide as to what option is required to be adopted.  Keeping in view the fact that, in most of Muslim states, the Islamist groups- which are practically struggling for enforcement of Islam- are in minority, the author’s view is that - in present age- most suitable option for majority of Muslim states/nations is the second one. It may be appreciated that Muslims of a ruling Muslim nation or a subjugated Muslim nation, are all the time under obligation to enforce Islam over themselves, and that decision-making in an Muslim state/society is based on majority views  subject to rectification by men of knowledge and piety; but use of force for enforcement of Islam is the right of Muslim majority only.

 It may be appreciated that Hazrat Imam Hussain challenged Yazeed's regime because Yazeed was not allowing the Islamic institutions already established to function according to Islamic principles. Imam Hussain's policy was to amass majority support. Out of twelve provinces, Yazeed had majority support from two provinces i.e. Syria and Egypt; whereas Imam Hussain had majority support from three provinces i.e. Makkah, Madinah and Yemen. Imam's strategy was to get hold of Kufa first so that majority support might be obtained from four provinces which were east of Kufa and these four provinces might be cut off from Yazeed's supporter provinces which were in the west of Kufa. In this way Imam could get majority support in eight out of twelve provinces, and resultantly might dethrone Yazeed through force (it may be noted Imam never used force first in this campaign of amassing majority support; however after amassing majority support, Imam could use force). The strategy was excellent   but was foiled due to betrayal of Kufa.

 Quran says:
Faint not nor grieve, for ye will overcome them if ye are (indeed) believers (ale- Imran-139).
This verse says if we are believers of Islam- means if we enforce Islam- we will be dominant- means we will be stronger. In other words, Islam and strength of a Muslim state/nation reinforce each other; Islam enhances strength of a Muslim state, and strength of a Muslim state enhances enforcement of Islam. It implies if all Islamist groups- instead of fighting against their respective states- start supporting their respective states (not the rulers) and start adding to strength of their respective states (not strength of rulers), such respective Muslim states would become more capable of enforcing Islam after getting more strength. We have the example of Turkey; the more strength this state is gathering, the more it is becoming capable of enforcing Islam. The above mentioned verse implies whenever a Muslim nation would get stronger, they would return to their origin i.e. Islam, through establishment of Islamic institutions. However this principle applies only to ruling Muslim nations; it does not apply to such puppet Muslim nations which have been given power by non-Muslim nations. Therefore this rule does not apply the Muslim states like Kashmir, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Lybia, where certain groups of Muslims have been bestowed upon ruling power by the non-Muslim nations. All these Muslim nations are subjugated Muslim nations ( for details plz see (concluded).

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