We have already seen in the article “Process of Creation and Conquest of Nature” that Allah’s ‘amr’ are actually natural systems working in this universe.
Both Allah’s amr and Allah’s Sunnah are Allah’s acts. Both are natural systems working in this universe. But there is one difference between the two. Allah’s ‘amr’ is Allah’s such natural system which is operated by Allah through angels; whereas Allah’s Sunnah is Allah’s such natural system which is operated by Allah through people. In other words, Allah’s sunnah is such Allah’s ‘amr’ which is operated by Allah through people.
Both Allah’s sunnah and Allah’s amr are fixed principles; there is no change in the operational conditionality of these principles/ systems. Allah says:
“[This is] the sunnah of Allah with those who passed on before; and you will not find in Allah’s sunnah any change” (al-ahzab-62).
“…[This is] the sunnah of Allah with those [prophets] who have passed on before. And ever is the “amr” of Allah a destiny decreed” (al-ahzab-38).
From these above quoted verses, it is evident that Allah’s sunnah and Allah’s amr are fixed principles/ systems. [FIXED priciples do not mean the principles which will always come into play; big bang (i.e. amr e Elahi) will not happen again till Qiyamah. Similarly principle of 'nabuwwat' does not always come into play. Like big bang will not not happen again till Qiyamah, nabuwwat will also not come down to any other person after our Nabi (s.a.w). As the applicability/implications of big bang is a continuing phenomenon till Qiyamah, our Nabi's (S.A.W) nabuwwaat also has applicability/ implications till Qiyamah). The fixed principles mean the principles which, whenever come into play, will come into play with the same conditionality/ manner].
All social systems (political, economic, moral and social) encountered by mankind are Allah’s sunnah; these are such natural systems which are operated by Allah through people. If people adopt social system as enshrined in revealed knowledge i.e. Quran and Sunnah, Allah, under His sunnah/ natural system, unleashes positive social values in the society; otherwise, Allah, under His sunnah /natural system, unleashes negative social values in the society. If any social value is negative, such negative social value may only be rectified by people by adopting corresponding positive social value; such negative social value may not be rectified by adopting other positive social values. In other words, if any negative social value relates to political system, it cannot be undone by adopting positive social values in economic system; similarly negative value in economic system cannot be offset by positive values in political or other social systems. Because Allah’s sunnah/ ‘amr’ are fixed principles having unchanged operational conditionality, it entails the fact that every negative social value has to be undone by corresponding positive social value. In other words, we have to adopt all positive social values pertaining to all social systems; we have to adopt all social systems (political, economic, moral, and social) as enshrined in the revealed knowledge. Partial and selective adoption of positive social values is neither enough nor yielding required results completely, though partial adoption of positive social values may yield to required results partially.