Thursday, 7 February 2013

Model of Universe- a Quranic perspective

Many Quranic verses mention about features and model of this universe. In this article, we would try to find out what universal model transpires out of Quranic verses.
Quran says:
“It is Allah who has created seven heavens/skies and of the earth, the like of them…” (al-talaq-12).
“[And] who created seven heavens/skies in layers/one above the other..” (al-mulk-3).
“And We have created above you seven layered/one above the other heavens/skies, and never have We been of [Our] creation unaware” (al-muminun-17).
From above mentioned verses, it is clear that Allah has created seven skies which are placed one above the other. Every sky has its own earth because the term ‘sky’ can only be used with reference to term  ‘earth’; if there is a earth, there is a sky; no earth, no sky. It means we have not only seven skies but also seven earths. These seven skies are placed one above the other as is mentioned in above quoted verses; but what about the earths? According to one of the sayings of our beloved Nabi (saw), if a rope is dropped down the earth, it will ultimately reach the seventh earth. It means not only seven skies but also seven earths are placed one above the other. Now we come to the question what is the shape of these seven skies and earths placed one over the other. Regarding the shape of these seven skies, Quran says:
“Indeed, I have turned my face toward He who created the heavens and the earth straight, and I am not of those who associate others with Allah" (al-anam-79).

This above verse states that skies and the earth are straight. We know when we say anything is straight, we say so with reference to a certain point. If skies are straight, they are so with reference to certain points. The verse says skies and the earth are straight; from this it may be inferred that skies are straight with reference to respective earths. In other words, every sky is straight with reference to its earth.
 We know all skies are made up of atoms. Quran says:
“.….And not absent from your Lord is any [part] of an atom's weight within the earth or within the heaven/skies or [anything] smaller than that or greater but that it is (contained) in a bright/open Book” (yunus-61).

It may be noted this verse does not state that ‘it is written in the book’; it only states that ‘it is in a bright/open book’. It means this verse is not about inscribed book rather it is about description of this universe which contains all the atoms; this universe is bright because it is made up of atoms which are made up of energy. Another meaning of ‘kitab e mubeen’ is open book; this universe is in the shape of an open book which is bright as well.
From above discussion, the following Open Book Model of Universe may be inferred.

This model exactly looks like an open book. This Open Book Model of                     Universe depicts all the features of Model of Universe mentioned in Quran. There are seven skies placed one above the other. Each sky is curved in its middle towards its earth (Einstein also believes in curved sky) ; in this way each sky makes two wings- left and right wings. At the bottom of each sky (meeting point of two wings) lies its earth; all seven earths are exactly one above the other. Each wing of each sky is straight in respect of its earth. Two wings of each sky also explains why Quran has mentioned about two Easts and two Wests;  each east and west belongs to each wing of the sky.
 Quran says this whole universe is conquerable by mankind.
“And He has subjected to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth - all from Him. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought” (al-jathiyah-13).
If this universe is conquerable by mankind, individuals should be able to travel across this universe within their life span (i.e. about 100 years). We know that this universe is too vast to be travelled by a man within his life span; in fact an individual requires billions of years to travel through this universe. We may infer that Allah has made special arrangements for mankind to travel through this universe.
Quran states about gates in the skies to travel through them.
And [even] if We opened to them a gate from the heaven/sky and they continued therein to ascend” (al-hijr-14).
“Indeed, those who deny Our verses and are arrogant toward them - the gates of Heaven/sky will not be opened for them…” (al-araf-40).
From these two above quoted verses, it is clear that Allah has made special gates in the skies to travel through them. However people who deny Allah’s verses are not able to make use of these gates. In other words, the people are able to make use of these gates only by believing in and getting guidance from Allah’s verses; those who do not believe in and get guidance from Allah’s verses-whether Muslims or non-Muslims- are unable to make use of these sky gates.  Quran further states about the ways to ascend, through which angels ascend to Allah.
“[It is] from Allah , owner of the ways of ascent. The angels and the Spirit will ascend to Him during a Day the extent of which is fifty thousand years” (al-marij-3,4).
                   From all these verses, it may be inferred that Allah has made sky gates and ways in the skies; such gates and ways are the fastest and shortest way to travel through the skies. By making use of these gates and ways, people may travel across the universe within their life span.
Basing on the Open Book Model of Universe, it may be inferred that in our earth there is a gate and way leading to other skies/earths. Because spaces of all skies are curved towards our earth, such gate and way in our earth is the shortest way to get into other skies/ earths. Such gate/way in our earth is not only shortest/fastest way leading to other skies/earths but also leads to fastest way to travel through our first sky. Such fastest way to travel through our first sky is called ‘burj’; earth of every sky has a way(s)/gate(s) leading to 'burj' through which that sky may be traversed.

"And We have created above you seven paths, and We are never unmindful of creation (al-muminoun-17).
And We have made within the heaven/sky ‘brooj’ and have beautified it for the observers” (al-hijr-16).
“Blessed is He who has placed in the sky ‘brooj’ and placed therein a [burning] lamp and luminous moon” (al-furqan-61).
Taking clue from event of ‘meraj’, we may infer that one gate/way in our earth, leading to other skies, lies somewhere over and above Palestine from where our Nabi (saw) started his journey to other skies.
NOTE: This article was written originally and published much earlier than its present date of publication. But mistakenly that originally written and published article was deleted; that why that article has been re-written and published on the present date. Therefore plz don't get confused, if some articles placed before this article have mention about this article.


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