Sunday, 11 December 2011

Completion of Deen and Qadyaniat


  Qadyanis believe that what was revealed to our Nabi (saw) does not constitute a complete Deen. Let us analyze this view in the succeeding lines.     
Qura says:                        
“This day (al-yum) I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion” (maidah-3).
In this verse, news of completion of ‘Deen’ has been given. Some people object if this verse has completed our ‘Deen’, it should be the last verse revealed to our Nabi (saw); but we know that some verses were revealed after that verse. The answer to this objection is given in the following lines.

According to Modudi (ra), the word ‘this day/al-yum’ used in this verse means ‘present period of time’; it does not mean a ‘single day’. Moududi’s (ra) view seems to be completely justifiable in the light of Quran.  This word has been used many a times in Quran; each time, it has been used with the meaning ‘period of time’ consisting of ‘days, months, years or thousands of years’; nowhere in Quran it has been used with the meaning of ‘single earthly day’. Many times this word has been used with word ‘aakhira’ e.g. ‘al-yum-ul-aakhira’; we know that ‘al-yum-ul-aakhira’  consists of thousands of years. Sura baqra-249 also mentions this word ‘al-yum’ with the meaning of ‘present period of time’; this verse states: 

“When Talut set forth with the armies, he said: "Allah will test you at the stream: if any drinks of its water, He goes not with my army: Only those who taste not of it go with me: A mere sip out of the hand is excused." but they all drank of it, except a few. When they crossed the river,- He and the faithful ones with him,- they said: "This day We cannot cope with Goliath and his forces." but those who were convinced that they must meet Allah, said: "How oft, by Allah's will, Hath a small force vanquished a big one? Allah is with those who steadfastly persevere".

This verse states about Talut’s army offensive march towards Jalut’s army. On the way, Talut found that most of his army-men are not faithful to him; out of eighty thousand only about three hundred remained with Talut. On finding that Talut and his handful faithful army-men said: “this day/al-yum, We cannot cope with Goliath and his forces”. Obviously, Talut and his handful faithful companions could not raise a new army in a single day; therefore the meaning of saying that “today/al-yum, we cannot cope with Goliath (Jalut)……” is not that they could not fight against Jalut in that single day only; rather it means that they could not fight Jalut and his army in that present period of time consisting of many days at least.
It may be noted that connotation of word ‘yum’ is different from that of ‘al-yum’ in Quranic terminology; word ‘yum’ may mean a single day, but word ‘al-yum’ means a period of time, as discussed above.

In the light of above discussion, we can find that word ‘al-yum’ used in al-maidah-3 means not a single day but it means ‘that period of time’ which may consist of many months.   Our Nabi (saw) survived only 81 days after revelation of this verse. This verse states:

“This day (al-yum) I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion” (maidah-3).
This verse would mean Allah would complete ‘Deen’ in that period of time in which this verse was revealed. In the words “completed My favor upon you”, and words ' perfected for you your religion' the word 'you' means all Muslims to come including the Muslims living that time; it  clearly indicates that completion of ‘Deen’ would be done in that period of our Nabi (s.a.w.w) and  on  Muslims of that period  through our Nabi (saw).
 Therefore, we may conclude that Quran and Sunnah revealed to our Nabi (saw) is a complete guidance and Deen.

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